Volume 17, Issue 1 (Winter & Spring 2020)                   ASJ 2020, 17(1): 37-42 | Back to browse issues page

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Dnyandeo Sonje P, Kanaskar N, Vatsalaswamy P. Investigating the Middle Rectal Artery and its Clinical Significance. ASJ 2020; 17 (1) :37-42
URL: http://anatomyjournal.ir/article-1-214-en.html
1- Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College Pune, Hospital & Research Centre, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital & Research Centre, Pune, India.
Abstract:   (3717 Views)
Introduction: The middle rectal artery is a vital artery supplying the rectum, along with the superior and inferior rectal arteries. We explored the middle rectal artery due to its importance in rectal carcinoma surgeries. 
Methods: In total, 40 pelvises were obtained from the Department of Anatomy of Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College in Pune City, India.
Results: Variations were found in the origin of the middle rectal artery, including arising from the internal pudendal artery in 9 cases. In 2 cases, it was arising from the common stem of internal pudendal and inferior gluteal arteries. Arising from the inferior vesical artery was observed in 1 case; while in 2 cases, middle rectal artery was arising from the obturator artery. This is the artery that penetrates the fascia of rectum, which is essential in mesorectal excision in rectal carcinoma cases. It forms anastomosis with superior rectal artery.
Conclusion: In the low anterior resection of the rectum, the middle rectal artery is always exposed.
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Type of Study: Original | Subject: Gross Anatomy
Received: 2019/02/7 | Accepted: 2019/08/16 | Published: 2020/01/1

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