Volume 13, Issue 2 (Summer & Autumn 2016)                   ASJ 2016, 13(2): 125-130 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print

Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Akbari G, Gilanpour H, Babae M. The Arterial Pattern of Terminal Branch of the Abdominal Aorta in the Male Persian Squirrel (Sciurus Anomalus). ASJ. 2016; 13 (2) :125-130
URL: http://anatomyjournal.ir/article-1-176-en.html
1- Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tabriz, Tabriz, Iran.
2- Department of Basic Sciences, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (5937 Views)

Introduction: The Persian squirrel (Sciurus anomalus) is considered the only well-known species of the family Sciuridae in the Middle East. Since some people keep this squirrel as a domestic pet, their attendance at veterinary clinics is increasing. So far, no study has been conducted on the arterial supply of the pelvic cavity and limb in the squirrel. Hence, this research was performed to fill this gap.
Methods: Out of 5 adult male Persian squirrels, 2 were used for obtaining the Rhodopas cast and 3 for red-latex injection. To this end, after opening the abdominal cavity, Rhodopas and red-latex were injected into their aortae after branches to the renal arteries to specify their pattern of distribution in the pelvic region and limbs.
Results: The abdominal aorta in the pelvic region bifurcates into right and left common iliac arteries. Each common iliac artery is divided into the internal and external iliac arteries. The external iliac artery branches off from pudendoepigastric trunk and lateral circumflex femoral artery. Then this artery in the femoral canal continues as femoral artery branching the medial
circumflex femoral, genicular, saphenous arteries and continues as popliteal artery. The internal iliac artery, after branching the umbilical artery, ramifies into 4 branches; cranial gluteal, caudal gluteal, urogenital, and finally the internal pudendal artery as the last branch.
Conclusion: The origins of the median sacral, obturator, and cranial gluteal arteries in Persian squirrel are considerably different from other rodents and small mammals.

Full-Text [PDF 476 kb]   (3252 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Review |
Received: 2015/12/4 | Accepted: 2016/03/21 | Published: 2016/07/1

1. Baker A. The Status and Distribution of the Persian Squirrel, Sciurus anomalus (Mammalia: Rodentia: Sciuridae), in Dibbeen Nature Reserve, Jordan. Zoologische Abhandlungen (Dresden). 2006; 55:199-207.
2. Harrison DL, Bates PJ. The mammals of Arabia. New York: Harrison Institute Publication; 1991.
3. Khazraiinia P, Rostami A, Haddadzadeh HR, Nassiri SM. Hematological characteristics and hemoglobin typing of the Persian Squirrel (Sciurus anomalus). ‎Journal of Exotic Pet Medicine. 2008; 17(1):44-48. doi: 10.1053/j.jepm.2007.12.008 [DOI:10.1053/j.jepm.2007.12.008]
4. Nickel R, Schummer A, Seiferle E. The anatomy of the domestic animals. Hamburg: Verlag Paul Parey Publication; 1981. [PMCID]
5. Constantinescu GM. Veterinary anatomy of domestic mammals: Textbook and colour atlas. Hamburg: Schattauer Publication; 2004. [PMCID]
6. Hirata Y, Umemura K, Kondoh K, Uematsu T, Nakashima M. Experimental intimal thickening studies using the photochemically induced thrombosis model in the guinea-pig femoral artery. Atherosclerosis. 1994; 107(1):117-24. doi: 10.1016/0021-9150(94)90147-3 [DOI:10.1016/0021-9150(94)90147-3]
7. Kondo K, Suzuki Y, Ikeda Y, Umemura K. Genistein, an isoflavone included in soy, inhibits thrombotic vessel occlusion in the mouse femoral artery and in vitro platelet aggregation. ‎European Journal of Pharmacology. 2002; 455(1):53-7. doi: 10.1016/s0014-2999(02)02449-4 [DOI:10.1016/S0014-2999(02)02449-4]
8. Okada T, Harada T, Bark DH, Mayberg MR. A rat femoral artery model for vasospasm. Neurosurgery. 1990; 27(3):349-56. doi: 10.1227/00006123-199009000-00002 [DOI:10.1227/00006123-199009000-00002]
9. Bandoh T, Mitani H, Niihashi M, Kusumi Y, Ishikawa J, Kimura M, et al. Inhibitory effect of fluvastatin at doses insufficient to lower serum lipids on the catheter-induced thickening of intima in rabbit femoral artery. ‎European Journal of Pharmacology. 1996; 315(1):37-42. doi: 10.1016/s0014-2999(96)00573-0 [DOI:10.1016/S0014-2999(96)00573-0]
10. Georgiadis GS, Lazarides MK, Didilis VN, Mikroulis DA, Bougioukas GI. Treatment of femoral artery thrombosis following intra-aortic balloon insertion leaving the catheter in place. Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery. 2003; 44(1):149-50. PMID: 12627091
11. Nitschke T, Preuss F. Main branches of the internal iliac artery in man and domestic mammals in a comparative anatomical study. Anatomischer Anzeiger. 1970; 128(5):439-53.
12. Ventura J, López-Fuster MJ, Gispert E. Blood supply to the abdominal and pelvic regions in the Mediterranean pine vole, Microtus duodecimcostatus (Rodentia, Arvicolidae). Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia. 1995; 24(2):133-37. PMID: 8588705 [DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0264.1995.tb00024.x] [PMID]
13. Ventura J, Gispert E, López-Fuster MJ. Arterial vascularization of the abdominal and pelvic regions in the degu, Octodon degus (Rodentia, Octodontidae). Annals of Anatomy. 1996; 178(3):285-91. doi: 10.1016/s0940-9602(96)80072-0 [DOI:10.1016/S0940-9602(96)80072-0]
14. Carvalho RG, Souza WM, Prada IL, Souza NT. About the arterial blood vessels pelvic opossum's (Didelphis albiventris) behaviour. Anatomischer Anzeiger. 1989; 170(5):367-72. PMID: 2400113
15. López-Fuster MJ, Ventura J, Gispert E. The arterial system of the wood mouse, Apodemus sylvaticus: the pelvic region. Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia. 1993; 22(3):279-87. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0264.1993.tb00366.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0264.1993.tb00366.x]
16. Fătu C, Puişoru M, Fătu IC. Morphometry of the internal iliac artery in different ethnic groups. Annals of Anatomy. 2006; 188(6):541-46. doi: 10.1016/j.aanat.2006.05.016 [DOI:10.1016/j.aanat.2006.05.016]
17. Schummer A, Wilkens H, Vollmerhaus B, Habermehl KH. The circulatory system, the skin, and the cutaneous organs of the domestic mammals. In: Nickel R, Schummer A, Seiferle E, editors. The Anatomy of the Domestic Animals. Berlin: Paul Parey pub; l981,p. 126-83. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4899-7102-9]
18. Ventura J, López-Fuster MJ. The blood supply to the abdominal and pelvic regions in talpids: character analysis and implications for specific relationships among Insectivora. Annales des Sciences Naturelles-Zoologie. 1998; 19(1):63-72. doi: 10.1016/s0003-4339(98)80135-4 [DOI:10.1016/S0003-4339(98)80135-4]
19. Ventura J, López-Fuster MJ. The arterial system of the abdominal viscera and the pelvis of the dormouse, Eliomys quercinus (Gliridae, Rodentia). Annals of Anatomy. 1994; 176(4):327-31. doi: 10.1016/s0940-9602(11)80509-1 [DOI:10.1016/S0940-9602(11)80509-1]
20. Jose M, Fuster L, Ventura J. Arrangement of the branches of the aorta abdominalis in the wood mouse (Apodemus sylvaticus). Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia. 1992; 21(2):146-51. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0264.1992.tb00331.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0264.1992.tb00331.x]
21. Pinto e Silva JR, Martins MR. Anatomical study of the abdominal aorta sacral rami of the opossum (Didelphis albiventris). International Journal of Morphology. 2004; 22(3):217-20. doi: 10.4067/s0717-95022004000300007 [DOI:10.4067/S0717-95022004000300007]
22. Kochi T, Imai Y, Takeda A, Watanabe Y, Mori S, Tachi M, Kodama T. Characterization of the arterial anatomy of the murine hindlimb: functional role in the design and understanding of ischemia models. PLoS One. 2013; 8(12):e84047. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0084047 [DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0084047]
23. Stump JE, Shively MJ. The systemic arterial pattern of the guinea pig: the pelvis and pelvic limb. American Journal of Anatomy. 1976; 147(2):193-201. doi: 10.1002/aja.1001470204 [DOI:10.1002/aja.1001470204]
24. Rerkamnuaychoke W, Kurohmaru M, Nishida T. The arterial supply of the male reproductive system in the hamster. Anatomia, Histologia, Embryologia. 1988; 17(4):301-11. doi: 10.1111/j.1439-0264.1988.tb00568.x [DOI:10.1111/j.1439-0264.1988.tb00568.x]
25. Erdogan S. Distribution of the arterial supply to the lower urinary tract in the domestic tom-cat (Felis catus). Veterinární Medicína. 2011; 56:202-208.
26. Eken E, Besoluk K, Teke BE. An anatomical study on the conformation of the femoral artery in Chinchilla lanigera. Revue de Médecine Vétérinaire. 2005; 156(10):506-508.

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:

Send email to the article author

Rights and permissions
Creative Commons License This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb