Volume 12, Issue 4 (Autumn 2015 -- 2015)                   ASJ 2015, 12(4): 167-170 | Back to browse issues page

XML Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Tahmasebi F, Khanehzad M, Madadi S, Hassanzadeh G. Anthropometric Study of Nasal Parameters in Iranian University Students. ASJ. 2015; 12 (4) :167-170
URL: http://anatomyjournal.ir/article-1-124-en.html
1- Department of Anatomy, School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
Abstract:   (2317 Views)

Introduction: Nose morphology depends on gender, ethnicity, and environmental conditions. It can be used in identification of the race and sex of persons whose identity is unknown. Nasal index is a useful tool in anthropometry.
Methods: In this study, nasal parameters of Iranian males and females students were measured (nasal height, nasal width, and nasal index). This study was conducted on 200 medical students of Tehran University, Tehran, Iran. Subjects were 100 males and 100 females, aged 18-30 years. The nasal height and width were measured by a sliding vernier calliper and the nasal index was accordingly calculated.
Results: Our data showed that the mean nasal index for males and females were 68.91±8.11 and 66.05±7.53, respectively. So, nose of Iranian people is leptorrhine type. The mean nasal index in males was significantly (P≤0.05) higher than that in females.
Conclusion: The result of this study could be employed in the detection of gender in forensic medicine and rhinoplasty surgery.

Keywords: Nose, Anthropometry, Iran
Full-Text [PDF 495 kb]   (1114 Downloads)    
Type of Study: Methodological Notes |
Received: 2015/03/15 | Accepted: 2015/10/1 | Published: 2015/11/1

References
1. Oladipo G, Udoaka A, Afolabi E, Bob-Manuel I. Nasal Parameters of Itsekiris and Urhobos of Nigeria. International Journal of Biological Anthropology. 2008; 3(1):10
2. Eliakim-Ikechukwu C, Bassey T, Ihentuge, C. Study of the nasal indices and bialar angle of the Ibo and Yoruba ethnic groups of Nigeria. Journal of Biology, Agriculture and Healthcare. 2012; 2(11):149-152.
3. Standring S. Gray's Anatomy: The Anatomical basic of Clinical practice. 40th ed. London. Elsevier; 2008, p. 547.
4. Eboh DE. Nasal indices among Bini adolescents in Edo State, Nigeria. International Journal of Morphology. 2011; 29(4):1231-1234. [DOI:10.4067/S0717-95022011000400027]
5. Fransiscus RG, Long JC. Variation in human nasal height and breadth. American Journal of Physical Anthropology. 1991; 85(4):419-27. [DOI:10.1002/ajpa.1330850406] [PMID]
6. Ofodile FA, Bokhari FJ, Ellis C. The black American nose. Annals of Plastic Surgery. 1993; 31(3):209-18. [DOI:10.1097/00000637-199309000-00002] [PMID]
7. Porter JP, Olson KL. Analysis of the African American Female nose. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. 2003; 111(2):627-8. [DOI:10.1097/01.PRS.0000041986.22341.4E]
8. Anas IY, Saleh MS. Anthropometric comparison of nasal indices between Hausa and Yoruba ethnic groups in Nigeria. Journal of Scientific Research and Reports. 2014; 3(3):437-444. [DOI:10.9734/JSRR/2014/3958]
9. Hall RL. Energetics of nose and mouth breathing, body size, body composition and nose volume in young adult males and females. American Journal of Human Biology. 2005; 17(3):321-30. [DOI:10.1002/ajhb.20122] [PMID]
10. Hall RL, Hall DA. Geographic variation of native people along the Pacific Coast. Human biology. 1995;67(3):407-26. [PMID]
11. Romo T, Abraham MT. The ethnic nose. Facial plastic surgery: FPS. 2003;19(3):269-78. [DOI:10.1055/s-2003-43162] [PMID]
12. Porter JP, Olson KL. Analysis of the African American female nose. Plastic Reconstruction Surgery. 2003; 111(2):627-628. [DOI:10.1097/01.PRS.0000041986.22341.4E]
13. Soames RW. Skeletal system. In: Dyson M, Dussak JE, Bannister LH, Berry MM, Collins P, Ferguson MWJ, editors. Gray's Anatomy. 3rd ed. Edinburgh: Churchill Livingstone; 1995, pp. 609-12.
14. Jimoh RO, Alabi SB, Kayode AS, Salihu AM, Ogidi OD. Rhinometry: Spectrum of nasal profile among Nigerian Africans. Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology. 2011; 77(5):589-93. [DOI:10.1590/S1808-86942011000500009] [PMID]
15. Staka G, Dragidella F, Disha M. Anthropometric studies of nasal index of the Kosovo Albanian population. Antrocom Online Journal of Anthropology. 2012; 8(2):457-62.
16. Sharma SK, Massarat J, Raj LS, Sudhir S, Akhilesh T, Vipendra B. Anthropometric Comparison of nasal parameters between male and female of Gwalior region. Journal of Dental and Medical Sciences. 2014; 1(5):57-62. [DOI:10.9790/0853-13555762]
17. Farkas LG, Kolar IR, Munro IR. Abstract on the geography of the nose: A morphometric study. Aesthetics and Plastic Surgery. 1986; 10(4):191-223. [DOI:10.1007/BF01575292]

Add your comments about this article : Your username or Email:
CAPTCHA code

Send email to the article author


Designed & Developed by : Yektaweb